"It is believed die for the homeland ... we die for industrialists", according to Anatole France in the early 20th century. The daily french newspaper "l'Humanite" see that this maxim has been manipulated by the Americans at the beginning of the 21st century to become: "It is believed to die for freedom ... we die for financiers of the American election campaign", more precisely "Halliburton", the giant American oil company and sisters who keep strong ties with the dicision makers at the White House.
The American aggression against Iraq is an unprecedented strike by which Washington launches a fireball in the face of the world to prove the return of the principle of "natural protectorate" or "colonial", as German parliamentarian chosed the term, who stressed the new concept. At the time when fierce fightings are taking place in Iraq, and while the USA have not finished the bloody military operation, they evoke Iraq's post-war to raise the issue "it's convinced that this war constitutes a provisional period which will be followed by another more important" in the spirit of the American administration.
Despite the contradictory statements by U.S. President George W. Bush and those of his staff and advisers about the Iraq post-Saddam, a fierce controversy has been raised in Europe, China and Russia, who woke up on the reality that Washington fate of his "closet" cases "Top Secret" on the administration of Iraq which explode the dreams of some to win a share of "Iraqi cake" that Americans aim to keep for themselves and throw crumbs to London.
The conflict has claimed evident in the European press that speaks of a role to give to the United Nations in Iraq post-war. This press displays a strong concern about the interests of the countries, specially French and european companies, "deprived of the Iraqi cake". The European press follows, with wonder and irony, the pompous statements of U.S. officials about Iraq ... totally contradictory statements balanced between American "Hawks and Doves".
The U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell says that the United Nations will assume a leading role in post-war Iraq, but the adviser to the U.S. president for national security, Condoleezza Rice, said that countries who collaborated to the war launched by Washington against Iraq will have the lead role in managing the "liberated Iraq"! But the index, according to European observers, demonstrate that a "plan" is drawn by Washington to take "alone" the administration of Iraq post-war and that in the most optimistic scenario, it will offer a "bite" of the Iraqi cake to her Allies as a reward for their participation in the war. The British Prime Minister Tony Blair, has finally seize the coup and had hastened to advocate an principal role of the UN in Iraq. In this context, Blair, who doubt U.S. intentions, adheres to the camp opposed to the American conception .. This camp, led by Paris, drew hard on an important role of the United Nations in Iraq post-Saddam.
The head of the British government rushed already in March 28th at Camp David to convince Bush to give the UN the role expected. Observers estimate that only Time is capable of proving whether Blair had a "credit" to Bush. According to "Le Figaro" in Paris, all the possible scenarios of an economic and political management of Iraq post-war are american ... in other words away from the United Nations. For the political management of Iraq, two American visions are emerging ... the first, supported by the U.S. vice-president, Dick Cheney, and the hawks at the Defense department, advocate the model "Germany-Japan" after the second World War, which means "count on the Iraqis in exile". The second version, that of Powell, who believes that the Iraqis in exile have no credibility, calls for safeguarding the structure of actual iraqi regime, merely to replace the first circle around Saddam Hussein.
However, the two visions meet on how to handle Iraq by two governments, one is military led by the chief of the headquarters of the Anglo-American forces, Tommy Franks, and another civilian, which will probably be entrusted to a retired general, Jay Garner. A military and economic hegemony which allows the USA to control resources in Iraq. The U.S. administration seems to have decided to assume, solo, the management of Iraq well before the failure of diplomatic efforts to avoid war because President Bush had created, from January 20th 2003, the office of the "Reconstruction of Iraq" to "put the country back on its feet".
Few days before the military campaign against Iraq, the head of office, Jay Garner, arrived secretly to Kuwait to begin what the Pentagon calls "phase of prospecting and recruitment"... A visit that a diplomat at UN calls "consecration of the appointment of Garner as governor of Iraq". Although, Bush has given the impression, during the Azores summit that the UN should have a key role in rebuilding Iraq, all the clues left by the White House go against.
Some observers believe that the United Nations would be responsible only for Humanitarian Affairs...in a reflection of the capitalist mentality of the hawks of the U.S. administration. The specialist in international relations at the Monterey Institute for International studies, Gleen Wood, notes that "the current option would be the complete american management of Iraq for some time, with a pure humanitarian role for the United Nations. And Wood added that the idea is to entrust the majority of contracts to U.S. companies, and in a parallel, place an administration with American civilians vested with powers of ministers, "to prepare a new regime...suppose to be democratic", he said.
In this context, the American press has unveiled, few days ago, a secret report about the plan of the White House to manage the Iraq post-war. According to the report, Bush "would exclude", not only the United Nations, but many NGOs. A UN diplomat has said that President Bush would punish even the United Nations who did not approve the American war against Iraq.
The secret report contains information on U.S. companies which obtain in the first stage of the reconstruction of Iraq, contracts for 1,5 billion dollars undercover of tenders launched by the American Agency for Development international (USAID) for the construction of hospitals, schools and infrastructure. The U.S. Department of tresor would even "reconfigure" the Central Bank of Iraq and issue a new currency in Iraq.
According to the French daily newspaper "Liberation", few days after the release of this report to the light, the information were confirmed...During the last week of March this year, USAID gave a contract of $ 4,8 millions to "Stevedoring Services of America", American company in Seattle... A tender that "Liberation" qualified as "suspect" since no foreign company is called to respond.
Few days before that, USAID had awarded an initial contract of $ 7,1 millions for the logistics of Irak post-war to the American group "International Resources Group". Similarly, the American firm "Kellog, Brown and Root" (KBR) was commissioned by the American army to extinguish the fire wells in al-Remela (southern Iraq). "KBR" is a subsidiary of Halliburton, the oil company where Dick Cheney was vice president until 2000.
According to the Center for Responsive Politics, Halliburton had helped finance the election campaign of Bush himself, but the English daily newspaper "The Guardian" notes that Cheney still always receives annual sum of a million dollars from Halliburton for "Deferred compensation". "KBR" had won the contract for construction of the detention camp for prisoners of al-Qaeda in Guantanamo.
Reviewing the conflict between American hawks and doves, the expert on UN affaires at "Wellesley College", Craig Murphy, said that he doesn't know if Bush himself had decided precisely what he would do in Iraq. "On the one hand, it was hawks, with Cheney, Rumsfeld and all the gang that push for the american control; on the other, within the State Department, there are those who are cautious and believe that the door should not be closed to the UN", he said.
And Mr. Murphy added that the economic cost of rebuilding Iraq, estimated by the experts for the time being between 70 and 200 billion dollars, could dampen the enthusiasm of Bush...A value which raises the question "How could Washington manage, alone, such a plan with a budget that explodes, when USA enter into pre-electoral period"?!
It seems that the Americans plan to tap the oil resources of Iraq the cost of its reconstruction. These resources represent, according to experts, 10% of world reserves, or 120 billion barrels, placing Iraq second on the world list of reserves behind Saudi Arabia.
In this context, USAID has signed direct contracts with a total of 900 million dollars to five American companies: Bechtel Group, Fluor Corporation, KGB, Louis Berger Group and Parsons Corporation...The myth: These companies have extensive experience in reconstruction. However, European sources say that the experience is not only criterion for this blatant bias from the part of the Bush administration..."The only reason is that these companies have contributed to financing American parties by 2,8 millions USD since 1999 and that several figures from the American administration had occupied senior positions", they said. And these sources indicate that these steps reflect an American intension to control Iraqi crude at the time that oil experts believe that Iraq could produce 6 million barrels per day during five years against two million B/d before the crisis.
"Le Figaro" says that these suspecious steps have aroused the concern of several countries, specially France, Russia and China, by seeing the oil exploration regions imposed to the policy of "arm wrestling". China had concluded an agreement with Baghdad for oil supplies and equipment to develop an oil field. Moscow, meanwhile, thinks about its contracts with the Saddam's regime to develop deposits of al-Qeranah for the value of 4 million. As for France, the concerns go beyond the others ...Putting apart its ambitions to obtain oil exploration contracts in Iraq through "Total-Fina-Elf," Paris wants to save the gains achieved through the pogram "oil against food". Since 1996, France tops the list of exporters to Iraq, under this program, with 15% of Iraqi imports. According to official reports, French exports to Iraq were focused on appliances, equipment and others.
The chief of the French Federation of Engineering Industries, Yvon Jacob, said that the federation and the French government collaborate together to prepare the stage after the war in Iraq. And Mr. Jacob added that the French companies seek for a reconstruction under the supervision of the United Nations. For, Nadim Jazzini, director of exports services "Regilait" has always hope to resume feet in Iraq, a step equal 75 thousand tons of milk packages, including 18 thousand for babies milk...French fears appear in the statements of the president company specialized in irrigation equipment "Farmex", Nourredine Smali, who said that "If the UN takes charge of the after-war period, there will be no change at our level. For cons, if decisions are transferred to the USA, it may be more problematic to deal with a Zona americana".
The problem is more complicated for French companies who have already contracts with Iraq such as "Alcatel" which has an agreement of 80 millions dollars with the Iraqi government. Also, french automakers as Peugeot and Renault, which occupied 20% of running Iraqi vehicles, want to protect their interests. To allay the fears of French companies, the french ministry of Finance has said that the volume of exports to Iraq in 2001 did not exceed the 660 millions euros, means 0,2% of total French exports. But the insurer exports "COFACE sees that Iraq is an important step for France. COFACE said that in 1990, a year before the 2nd Gulf War, it had provided guarantees for 20 billion french francs for french export contracts to Iraq, including 14 billion in military and 6 billion civilian equipments and infrastructure.
There are vertiginous numbers about which French dream today, but also Americans. Great Britain, the main ally of USA, has fears about U.S. intentions...Then for Blair then deploy every effort to convince Bush, at the summit in Belfast, to give the British companies a "good" piece of "Iraqi cake", which will help the british Prime Minister to resist the political pressure".
But the hawks in the White House still confirm that the Iraqi file will be completely in American hands "at a price of dropping a few crumbs", which will pass through auctions and tenders during which Washington chanted the slogan "Agents... refrain", in a signal to leave those who have dared to defy the U.S. decision away from "the delicious iraqi cake".