The American war in
Iraq has lost its original purpose. Instead of carrying out the wishes of
Washington to democratize the Near and Middle East, this war has caused a serious geopolitical chaos in the
Middle East. It is now very difficult to transform
Iraq into a model of democracy.
Four years after the outbreak of war in Iraq, which caused hundreds of thousands casualties among Iraqis, in addition to 3500 soldiers of the coalition forces, we can say that this war has only succeeded in overthrowing the regime of Saddam Hussein, executed in the last days of 2006.
But this war has transformed the daily lives of Iraqis in a sort of hell ... The number of terrorist attacks and acts of sectarian violence increased and continue to do so serious. The current situation has also raised feelings of hatred towards the American presence, and plunged the
USA and their allies in a swamp of bloody conflicts.
All these catastrophic scenarios prompted
Washington to change its military strategy in
Iraq. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld, one of the hawks of the
U.S. administration, was dismissed and Robert Gates, known for his moderation, was called in this post after the failure of Rumsfeld's plan based on the use of high technology in military operations in
Iraq to reduce the number of soldiers. The first decision of the Pentagon, after Gates took the defense portfolio, was to send 25 thousands additional
U.S. soldiers in
Iraq, bringing the number of
U.S. forces in the country to more than 160 thousands military. A procedure that analysts believe was very late.
According to observers, it seems that U.S. President George W. Bush and Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki were convinced that achieving military victory alone is not sufficient to create peace in
Iraq. It was also necessary to achieve reconciliation between different communities and sects of the Iraqi people. That's why
USA, as well as Iraqis, ran to the neighbor countries of
Iraq to ask them to help realize stability in
Analysts see that the conference held on March 10th on security in
Iraq was the first step in this direction. They also consider the fact that
U.S. officials were with their "enemies" (
Iran) to the negotiating table is a proof that the
U.S. administration has lost its bet on "The realization of democracy" in the region by starting with
Instead of imposing isolation on
Iran, the war in
Iraq and the fall of the regime of Saddam Hussein have helped strengthen the role of the Iranian regime and increase its influence in the region, which also applies to its allies:
Syria, Hezbollah in
Lebanon and Hamas in the occupied Palestinian territories.
Following the failure of
Iraq, the track was opened ahead of
Russia, which maintains close relations with Teheran, to restore its influence and presence in the region. To do so, Russian President Vladimir Putin made a tour in the region which led him to
Analysts point out that when
Washington should consolidate its influence in the
Middle East, Americans find themselves, more than ever, forced to take into account the attitude of regional powers before taking any decision on the region.
On the other hand, this failure has plunged the
USA in a serious moral crisis as noted Zbigniew Brzezinski, former American National Security Adviser. He claims that the cost of Bush's war against terrorism was very high. "Bush has sacrificed the credibility and legitimacy of the
USA, as well as the world's respect", he adds.
The crisis is deeper in American society, where recent polls have shown that 59% of Americans believe that the war in
Iraq was a big mistake, the highest rate since the outbreak of war. Only 35% of Americans have confidence in Bush.
Bush is not the only loser in this bet. The Republican Party, to which Bush belongs, has lost the majority in Congress in elections last November before that the
U.S. administration receive a slap on its face by the publication of the Baker-Hamilton commission report, which criticizes the way in which War in
Iraq was controlled.
All this had led the
U.S. administration to change its foreign policy and show more flexibility with several other issues. In this context, the American secretary of state, Condoleezza Rice, has been tasked to use the diplomatic channel and examine the possibility of initiating a dialogue with
Syria. Rice is also tasked to reviving the peace process between Israelis and Palestinians, in addition to reaching an agreement with
North Korea about its nuclear program.
This new trend adopted by
Washington was unimaginable a few months ago. After six years of the attacks of September 11th, 2001,
Washington has adopted a new policy of dialogue and openness in the world.
But the question that now arises is why this change? Why the
U.S. administration has waited all this time to change the trend? Why the pace of change accelerated?
The answer is the approach of presidential elections in the
USA in November 2008. The current administration has only few months to prove the success of its policy in
Iraq, specially after that the issue of the American presence in this country has become a cornerstone in choosing the next president of the
United States of America.