A year ago, Islamist Mohamed Morsi was elected president of Egypt. This sunday, his opponents are in to the streets to demand his resignation. At the risk of bloodshed
Panicked at the prospect of facing a new wave of violence, the Egyptians did not have so far forgotten their sense of humor. At sidewalk cafes in downtown Cairo tells this joke: "An Egyptian met Mohamed Morsi and he lists the current problems of the country: the economic crisis, the collapse of the tourism sector, the flight of investment, lack of gas, power outages ..."And what can I do?", replied the president. "Resign" replies the man. " The story sums up the moral of the Egyptians, which oscillates between determination and resignation.
Young laics behind the slingshot
Dimanche is a day of mobilization against the President, on the occasion of the first anniversary of his accession to power. Tens of thousands of protesters are expected in the streets of Cairo. The capital saw already immersed in a similar anxiety before a hurricane. Most shops have lowered their thick metal blinds, only grocery stores remain open to supply families refuel like to take a seat for several weeks. Children throwing worried glances skyward where police helicopters, which monitors and photograph sensitive areas could arise where a riot start circling.
Sign of a climate of extreme tension that exists across the country, clashes between supporters and opponents of the head of state began on Friday evening in Alexandria, where three people were killed including an American of 21 years, teacher at the American Cultural Center. He photographed the premises of the Party "Freedom and Justice" (Muslim Brotherhood) then burned when a knife was fatally shot in the chest. Because of the tragedy, the U.S. State Department announced the repatriation of some of its diplomats in Egypt. From Johannesburg, Saturday, Barack Obama expressed his "concern" about the situation.
At the origin of this revolt against Morsi, young laics launched the campaign "Tamarod" - literally "rebellion" - which for two months travel around the country, the underground corridors to those companies with in hands a petition calling for resignation of the President. They have got 15 million signatures (they claim 22 million). "All that interests Morsi and his terrorist allies, is to lock the country into a dictatorship that will ensure only the interests of the Muslim Brotherhood clan, indignant Ahmed El-Masry, one of the instigators of the campaign in the popular district of Shoubra, in northern Cairo. They threaten us with death, want to remove our freedom of expression, but they will not succeed. " In the street, the young man distributing red cards on which is written the word slogan of the 2011 revolution: "Get out." "Mohamed Morsi wants us to teach us our religion, it is not what we expected of him, gets angry on his side Adel Saeed, a retired teacher. His speeches are seedy, filled with grammatical mistakes, he is not worthy for Egypt. "
The army blows hot and cold
Faced with this attack, supporters of the president launched a conter-attack against the petition called Tagarod ("handedness"), which have collected 11 million signatures. Ahmed Hosni, an Islamist engineer held for ten years in jail under Mubarak, discusses the end of Sunday confident down the rhetoric of the Muslim Brotherhood: "The Egyptians have democratically elected Morsi But our Constitution says that he has a mandate. four years. Request his resignation goes against democracy. " He and his peers will demonstrate at the Rabaa al-Adawiya mosque in the district of Medinet Nasr, very close to the presidential palace, where opponents of Morsi planned to meet.
While the clash looks inevitable, the fate of the country rests in the hands of the army, blowing in her hot and cold statements. General Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, Minister of Defence, announced last week that the military would act to "protect the people's will." A message of support to the protesters, as a part of the opposition, who dreams of returning to power to end political instability, understood. And the Egyptians invent this new joke: "Soldiers, if you come again, this time just with airplanes, we have already been taken in photo with your tanks."
An article written with Marion Touboul for the french newspaper "Le journal de Dimanche"